Bologna Process

     Implementation of the concepts of Bologna Process requiring the accomplishment of structural reformation of the national system of higher education directed at ensuring mobility, job placing and competitiveness of specialists is one of the prerequisites of entering the European zone of higher education by Ukraine. Joining the European area of Higher education should determine the priorities of the process of transformation of Higher technical education – their conformity to the main principles of Bologna Declaration which requires the solution of a number of problems that may arise.

     National education has deep and fruitful traditions. This positiveness should be used in such a way that, respecting the foreign, we should offer that rational of our own. Joining of our higher educational institutions (HEI) the Bologna Process envisages the realization of a set of measures including the use of educational methods and training techiques inherent in European zone of education. Differencies between home and European education remain rather substantial. Measures regarding the implementation of European experience and the harmonization of national and European education should be complex, rich in content including institutional and methodical changes requiring the solution of a number of problems both on the State level and on the level of each HEI. These were the criteria we followed making a plan of measures on joing Bologna Process by Ukrainian HEIs.

    Comparative characteristic of requirements to the educational process organzation in Ukraine and EC countries aimed at determination of their advantages and disadvantages with account of the increase of our HEIs competitiveness in EC countries was the first step in making a plan of reformative measures.

   To competitive advantages of national education we refer:
-higher as compared with many of foreign HEIs level of training in humanities which should not be lost;
-general education, which forms the base of further professional mobility and competitiveness not only for the moment of graduation but for the whole period of professional activity, is more grounded, deeper and more objective;
-availability of unified state standards of quality of training – in many EC countries they are not available or are developed for separate regions only;
-high level of scientific education of training personnel secured by existence of academic degrees of Candidate (PhD) and Doctor.

We should preserve these positive attainments of Ukrainian Higher education and, at the same time, taking account of its existing shortcomings, find the ways to overcome them in order to increase the competitiveness of national education in the world-wide scale.

   To disadvantages negatively effecting our competitiveness we refer:
- decline of scientific research substantially complicates reaching European standards of education;
- 20-25% of Ukrainian population got higher education against 50% in EC countries. It is a paradox that Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine is going to shorten the number of HEIs in the country;
- low level of  remuneration and non-effectiveness of mechanism of educational workess motivation;
- obsolete material and technical basis;
- chronic shortfall in financing national branch of education which became the dominant cause of negative tendencies in its development.

            In May 2005 Ukraine became a full member of Bologna Process at Bergen summit (Norway). Countries-participants (more than 40 in number) pledged themselves to bring their educational systems into account with the modelwhich is transparent, easily comparable and enables to issue diplomas of European pattern in due course.

            For this purpose Ukraine has, taking account of above mentioned advantages and disadvantages, to work up a five-year plan of transition to the terms of Bologna Process.

            Unification of national systems of science and education in European scope with its common requirements, criteria of estimation and standards of training has a member of advantages:

1. Increase of competitiveness of European system of science and education in world-wide range (during the last 15-20 years it yilded to American system).

2. Promotion of the increase of European High School area attractiveness for other world regions.

3. Increase of competitiveness of European labour market.

4. Increase of HEI graduates capability to find a job in European space.

5. Raising new intellectual capital and investment funds for European Higher School.

6. Increase of determinative part of universities in development of national and European cultural treasures (University is an exponent of national and European conciouness).

7. Ensuring training students by individual variational programs formed by employers in accordance with students desire. It contributes to students self-development in democratic society.

            By order of Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 48 of January  23, 2004 Lutsk State Technical University was entered in the list of HEIs which declared their participation in carrying out a pedagogical experiment with credit-modular system of educational process organization.

The participants of the experiment are:
1. Accounting and Finance Faculty
   Training trend 0501 – Economics and Enterpreneurship, Bachalors level 6.050100 – Accounting and Audit
2. Machine-building Faculty
   Training trend 6.090.200 – Mechanical Engineering, Bachlors level 7.090.200 – Agricultural   Machinery

  To provide carrying out the pedagogical experiment and to monitor its results a working group was formed. It consists of:
Prof. Zoryana Gerasymchuk, vice-principal of LNTU, Doctor of Economics;
Nadiya Kuts, ECTS co-ordinator;
Alla Moskovchuk, Dean of accounting and Finance Faculty, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor;
Sergiy Pustulga, Dean of Machine-building Faculty, Candidate of Engineering;
Iryna Sadovska, Head of Accounting and Audit Department, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor;
Ivan Tsyz, Head of Agricultural Machine-building Department, Candidate of Engineering, Associate Professor;
Inna Onofriychuk, Director of Studies.

    Provisional regulations for Credit-Modular System of Educational Process Organization (CMSEPO) are elaborated, experimental curricula presenting information of each subject in ECTS credits are prepared, national scale of knowledge estimation has been adapted to ECTS one, experimental modular curricula for the first-year students is worked up, information packages for two participating in the experiment faculties are prepared. LNTU teaching stuff is drown in scientific conferences and methodical seminars on credit-modular system of training specialists in the context of Bologna Declaration.

    The problems of Bologna process were discussed at international conference ”State strategy of Regional Development: Problems of European Integration and Transborder Collaboration”. Materials of the conference were presented to Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.

    Information corners containing Bologna Process materials are arranged in two library halls.

    Special subject „Higher Education in Ukraine and Bologna Process” is lectured to the first-year students and to post-graduates.